Synthesis, X-ray Characterization, NMR and Ab Initio Molecular-Orbital Studies of Some Cadmium(II) Macrocyclic Schiff-Base Complexes with Two 2-Aminoethyl Pendant Arms
H. Keypoura,*, H. Khanmohammadia, K.P. Wainwrightb and M.R. Taylorb
a Department of Chemistry, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran
b School of Chemistry Physics and Earth Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
Three new pendant arm Schiff-base macrocyclic complexes, [CdLn]2+ (n = 5, 6, 7), have been prepared via cyclocondensation of 2,6-diacetylpyridine with three different branched hexaamines in the presence of Cd(II). The ligands are 15-, 16- and 17-membered pentaaza macrocycles having two 2-aminoethyl pendant arms [L5 = 2,13-dimethyl-6,9-bis(aminoethyl)-3,6,9,12,18-pentaazabicyclo[12.3.1]octadeca-1(18),2,12,14,16-pentaene, L6 = 2,14-dimethyl-6,10-bis(aminoethyl)-3,6,10,13,19-pentaazabicyclo[13.3.1]nonadeca-1(19),2,13,15,17-pentaene and L7 = 2,15-dimethyl-6,11-bis(aminoethyl)-3,6,11,14,20-pentaazabicyclo[14.3.1]eicosa-1(20),2,14,16,18-pentaene]. All complexes were investigated by IR, 1H and 13C NMR, COSY(H,H) and HETCOR(H,C) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. In the solid state structure of each complex the Cd(II) ion is situated centrally within an approximately planar pentaaza macrocyclic ring, binding to the five nitrogen atoms, and also to the two pendant amines which are located on opposite sides of the macrocyclic plane. ab initio HF-MO calculations using a standard 3-21G* basis set have been used to verify that these similar basic structures correspond to energy minima in the gas phase.
Keywords: Cadmium(II) complexes, Schiff-base macrocyclic ligand, Pendant arm, Seven coordinate, Ab initio studies