Spectrophotometric Determination of Copper(II) in Natural Waters, Vitamins and Certified Steel Scrap Samples Using Acetophenone-p-chlorophenylthiosemicarbazone
S.E. Ghazya,*, R.M. El-Shazlya, M.S. El-Shahawib, G.A.A. Al-Hazmia and A.A. El-Asmya
aChemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
bChemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Damietta, Egypt
(Received 15 May 2005, Accepted 12 February 2006)
A very simple, highly sensitive and selective spectrophotometric procedure was developed for the determination of copper(II). It is based on the reaction at pH 4-9 between the synthesized acetophenone-p-chlorophenylthiosemicarbazone (A-p-ClPT) and Cu(II) forming a green complex, Cu(II):A-p-ClPT (1:2), that floats quantitatively with oleic acid (HOL) surfactant. It exhibits a constant and maximum absorbance at 600 nm in both aqueous and surfactant layers. Beer’s law is obeyed over the concentration range 0.25-6.35 mg l-1 with a detection limit of 0.021 mg l-1 for a standard aqueous solution of Cu(II) with a concentration of 3.82 mg l-1 (calculated on the basis of 3s) and molar absorptivities of 5.5 × 103 and 1.3 × 104 mol l-1 cm-1 in aqueous and surfactant layers, respectively. Sandell’s sensitivity was calculated to be 0.244 µg cm-2 and the relative standard deviation (n = 9) was 0.19%. The different analytical parameters affecting the flotation and determination processes were examined. The proposed procedure has been successfully applied to the analysis of Cu(II) in natural waters, certified scrap steel samples and vitamin samples. The results obtained agree well with those samples analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). Moreover, the flotation mechanism is suggested based on some physical and chemical studies on the solid complexes isolated from aqueous and surfactant layers.
Key words: Copper, Spectrophotometry, Flotation, Natural waters, Vitamins, Certified samples