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Article info. : 2005; 2(4) (pp 244~337)


A Chemiluminescence Flow Injection System for Nitrite Ion Determination

M.K. Amini*, M. Pourhossein and M. Talebi

Chemistry Department, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441, Iran

(Received 10 January 2005, Accepted 2 October 2005)

A chemiluminescence system is described for the determination of nitrite ion based on new designs for an ozone generator, liquid-gas separator and chemiluminescence reaction cell. The method is based on the gas-phase chemiluminescence reaction between ozone and nitric oxide, which is generated from the reduction of nitrite with iodide in sulfuric acid solution. The efficiency of the system was evaluated by investigation of the analytical performance characteristics of the system for nitrite determination in batch and flow injection procedures. Under optimal conditions, the chemiluminescence response of the system was linear against the nitrite concentration over the range 1 to 1 104 ng ml-1 in the batch procedure and 10 to 5 103 ng ml-1 in the flow injection procedure, with detection limits of 1 and 10 ng ml-1, respectively. The method is highly selective and allows for the determination of nitrite in the presence of high concentrations of several cationic, anionic and nitrogen containing species. It has been successfully applied to the analysis of nitrite in natural water and soil extracts.

Keywords: Chemiluminescence, Liquid-gas separator, Nitrite, Nitric oxide, Water analysis, Ozone generator


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