Rapid and Accurate Amperometric Determination of Acetaminophen in Pharmaceutical Preparations and Spiked Human Blood Serum Samples at Cadmium Pentacyanonitrosylferrate Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode
H. Razmi* and M. Harasi
Electrochemistry Research Lab., Faculty of Science, Azarbaijan University of Tarbiat Moallem, P.O. Box: 53714-161, Tabriz, Iran
(Received 12 April 2007, Accepted 14 September 2007)
The present work describes a rapid and accurate amperometric technique for the determination of acetaminophen (ACT) in pharmaceutical preparations and human blood serum, based on electrocatalytic oxidation of ACT at a glassy carbon electrode modified by cadmium pentacyanonitrosylferrate (CdPCNF) film. The electrocatalytic response of the modified GC electrode was linear over the concentration of 1.64-52.90 µM. The limit of detection was found to be 2.04 µM by amperometric technique. The method was successfully utilized for the determination of ACT in various pharmaceutical preparations and the results have been statistically compared with those obtained by the official method. The interference of some pharmaceutical and biological compounds was investigated. The results of interference study showed that the Nafion-coated CdPCNF|GC electrode can be utilized as a selective amperometric sensor for acetaminophen determination in human blood serum. The mean value of rate constant k for catalytic reaction, and the diffusion coefficient of ACT (D) in the phosphate buffer solution of pH 7.2 were found to be 4.27 ´ 102 M-1 s-1, and (4.25 ± 0.33) ´ 10-6 cm2 s-1, respectively.
Keywords: Acetaminophen, Modified electrode, Amperometric determination, Cadmium pentacyanonitrosylferrate