J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 8, Supp. 1 February 2011, pp.S141~S151.

Current location: JICS Archive > Vol. 8 > Supplement. 1 > Articles : 16

Removal of Toxic Hexavalent Chromium by Polyaniline Modified Clinoptilolite Nanoparticles

A. Olad a,*, M. Khatamianb and B. Naseria

aDepartment of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
bDepartment of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

In this work clinoptilolite nanoparticles were modified with conducting polyaniline by the polymerization of anilinium cations in and out side of the clinoptilolite channels and a nanocomposite of polyaniline/clinoptilolite was obtained. Cations (Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+…) in the natural clinoptilolite structure were exchanged with anilinium cations by the treatment of clinoptilolite nanoparticles in an acidic solution of aniline monomer. The cation exchange process was confirmed by elemental analysis of nitrogen and carbon atoms of anilinium cations in clinoptilolite dry powder after treatment. The polyaniline/clinoptilolite nanocomposite was obtained by the oxidative polymerization of anilinium cations within the clinoptilolite structure. The polyaniline/clinoptilolite nanocomposite was characterized utilizing FT-IR and X-ray diffraction measurements and was used for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions in chromate anion form as an important water pollutant. The effect of a number of parameters such as initial concentration of Cr(VI), amount of nanocomposite and contact time on the removal efficiency of Cr(VI) by polyaniline/clinoptilolite nanocomposite were determined and optimized. It was found that after 5 min of exposure of nanocomposite powder with Cr(VI) solutions in the concentration range of 25 to 100 ppm, more than 98% of chromate anions can be removed and the Cr(VI) removal capacity per one gram of nanocomposite is about 0.3 mmol of Cr(VI).

Keywords: Polyaniline, Clinoptilolite, Chromium, Conducting polymers, Environmental pollution

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