J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 8, No. 2 June 2011, pp.495~501.

Current location: JICS Archive > Vol. 8 > No. 2 > Articles : 14

Ionic Liquid 1-(3-Trimethoxysilylpropyl)-3-methylimidazolium Nitrite as a New Reagent for the Efficient Diazotization of Aniline Derivatives and In Situ Synthesis of Azo Dyes

H. Valizadeh*, M. Amiri, A. Shomali and F. Hosseinzadeh

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan University of Tarbiat Moallem, Tabriz, Iran

     A new ionic liquid 1-(3-trimethoxysilylpropyl)-3-methylimidazolium nitrite was synthesized. This ionic liquid was used as a convenient nitrosonium source in diazotization of arylamines into their corresponding diazonium salts which were converted into their related azo dyes via the in situ azo-coupling with aniline derivatives or phenolic compounds. The diazotization of anilines in this ionic liquid and subsequent azo-coupling generated the related azo dyes in good to excellent yields at 0-5 °C in short reaction times via a simple experimental procedure.

Keywords: Diazotization, Ionic liquid, Azo dyes, Azo-coupling, Diazonium salt

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