J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 7, No. 3 September 2010, pp.621~629.

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Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Properties of Sodium n-Heptyl Sulfonate in Water and in Aqueous Solutions of Poly(ethylene glycol) at Different Temperatures

R. Sadeghi* and R. Hosseini

Department of Chemistry, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran

The vapor-liquid equilibria properties of sodium n-heptyl sulfonate (C7SO3Na) in pure water and in aqueous poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) solutions were determined at different temperatures below and above the critical micelle concentration (CMC). Vapor-liquid equilibrium data such as water activity, vapor pressure, osmotic coefficient, activity coefficient and Gibbs free energies were obtained through isopiestic method. The concentration dependence of all investigated thermodynamic properties exhibit a change in slope at the concentration in which micelles are formed. It was found that the vapor pressure depression for a ternary aqueous C7SO3Na + PEG system is more than the sum of those for the corresponding binary solutions and, at higher temperatures, the higher concentration of PEG is in equilibrium with a certain concentration of surfactant.

Keywords: Sodium n-heptyl sulfonate, Poly(ethylene glycol), Vapor-liquid equilibria, Water activity, Isopiestic

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