J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 6, No. 4 December 2009, pp.849~856.

Current location: JICS Archive > Vol. 6 > No. 4 > Articles : 24

Catabolic Pathways for Arginine and Methylated Arginines by Plant and Mammalian Copper Amine Oxidases

F. Pintusa, A. Continia, A. Finazzi Agròb, G. Florisa, S. Porcua, A. Faisa, D. Spanòa and R. Meddaa,*

aDepartment of Applied Sciences in Biosystems, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
bDepartment of Experimental Medicine, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Rome, Italy

The oxidation of L-arginine, monomethyl L-arginine and asymmetric dimethyl arginine catalyzed by copper/TPQ-amine oxidases from lentil (Lens esculenta) seedlings and pig kidney was investigated by optical spectroscopy and HPLC analyses. L-Arginine and its methylated derivatives were shown to be poor substrates for both enzymes and were oxidized by an unusual mechanism yielding glutamate-5-semialdehyde, ammonia, urea and their derivatives as reaction products. These findings suggest that amine oxidases might represent an alternative metabolic pathway of the arginine and its methylated derivatives, yielding new metabolites like urea, methylurea and dimethylurea.

Keywords: Amine oxidase, Arginine, Asymmetric dimethyl arginine, Lens esculenta, Pig kidney

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