J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 6, No. 3 September 2009, pp.602~611.

Current location: JICS Archive > Vol. 6 > No. 3 > Articles : 17

Comparative Investigations on Nano and Micro Titania Photocatalysts in Degradation and Mineralization: Use of Turbidity in Kinetic Studies

J. Saien* and A.R. Soleymani

Department of Applied Chemistry, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, 65174, Iran

An attempt was made to investigate the potential of two widely used commercial nano and micro TiO2 photocatalysts in degradation and mineralization of a typical azo dye “direct blue 71” in water. A special circulating up-flow reactor with an UV-C-150 W lamp was employed and the influence of the operational parameters was investigated. The results showed that both the photolysis and photocatalysis cause decomposition simultaneously. Despite a half concentration, the nano TiO2 particles provide a nearly twice efficiency, and for the vital case of mineralization 98% reduction in COD after 120 min irradiation. The influence of turbidity of catalyst particles was determined with a novel method and was taken into account in kinetic studies. It was found that the bulk degradation by the OH radicals has a major role in the photocatalysis process.

Keywords: Photocatalysis, Nano and micro catalysts, Turbidity, Kinetics, Water purification

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