J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 6, No. 1 March 2009, pp.168~176.

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Salt Addition Effect on Partition Coefficient of Some Phenolic Compounds Constituents of Olive Mill Wastewater in 1-Octanol-Water System at 298.15 K

A. Noubigha,*, M. Abderrabbaa and E. Provostb

aLaboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux, IPEST, Bp51, 2070 La MARSA, Tunisie
bLaboratoire Chimie et Procédés, ENSTA, 32 Rue de Boulevard Victor, 75739 Paris, Cedex 15, France

The 1-octanol-water partition coefficient is an important property to measure the hydrophobicity of organic compounds, which has been demonstrated to be a parameter in studying the conformation of biomolecules in aqueous solutions. For biological systems, electrolytes play an important role in thermodynamic properties. The salt addition effect on the distribution of phenolic compounds between water and 1-octanol at 298.15 K has been studied. The phenolic compounds used were vanillic acid, protocatechuic acid, vanillin, tyrosol, cathecol, caffeic acid and syringic acid, and the considered salts were potassium chloride, sodium chloride and lithium chloride. The influence of both the concentration and size of the added salt on the partition coefficient (Kow) have been considered. This study shows a salting in with the following decreasing order: LiCl > NaCl > KCl. The Gibbs energies of transfer of phenolic compounds (ΔG) form chloride solutions to organic phase have been calculated using experimental 1-octanol-water partition coefficients.

Keywords: Olive mill wastewater (OMWW), Phenolic compounds, Octanol-water partition coefficient, Salt effect, Gibbs energies of transfer

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