J. Iran. Chem. Soc., Vol. 2, No. 1 March 2005, pp.32~39.

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Determination of Trace Amounts of Nickel by Differential Pulse Adsorptive Cathodic Stripping Voltammetry Using Calconcarboxylic Acid as a Chelating Agent

M.K. Amini* and M. Kabiri

Department of Chemistry, University of Isfahan, Isfahan 81746-73441, Iran

A method for the determination of nickel(II) by stripping voltammetry is described. The method is based on the adsorptive accumulation of nickel(II) calconcarboxylic acid complex onto a hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE), followed by the reduction of the adsorbed complex using differential pulse voltammetry. The optimum operating conditions and parameters were found to be 0.05 M NH3/NH4Cl buffer (pH = 9.5) as the supporting electrolyte, a ligand concentration of 1 × 10-6 M, accumulation potential of -0.5 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) and accumulation time of 60 s. At the optimized conditions, the peak current is proportional to the concentration of nickel in the range of 1.7 × 10-9 to 4.7 × 10-7 M (0.1-28 ng ml-1) with a detection limit of 0.05 ng ml-1. The relative standard deviation (n = 10) at nickel concentrations of 2, 10 and 15 ng ml-1 varies in the range 0.76 to 2.1%. Possible interferences by metal ions, which are of great significance in real matrices, have been studied. The method was successfully applied to the determination of nickel content in a chocolate sample.

Keywords: Adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry, (ACSV), Differential pulse voltammetry, Nickel, Calconcarboxylic acid

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